• Sartika Dewi Harahap Sartika Dewi Harahap STAIN Mandailing Natal
Keywords: language acquisition process, syntax, vocabulary, bilingual family


In this case, the writer presents how the child (a boy) acquires the language. The natural process of language acquisition takes place since birth. This study will focus on language acquisition process of a 1.6 year old boy who becomes the object of the observation. In a fact, human language skills can be improved through two ways, namely acquisition and learning. The methodology of this research is descriptive qualitative approach. The techniques of collecting data used are documentation and observation. The objectives of descriptive qualitative study are obtained from the utterances of a 1.6 year old boy, his name is Fati. On the discussion part the analysis will focus on syntax, vocabulary and the factors that affect him in acquiring language. As the object, the boy is obtained four languages as simultaneous languages, namely Indonesian, English, Mandailingnese and Javanese. In conclusion, the object of this case is able to produce words and phrases based on he usually heard


Bolinger, Dwight. (2002) Aspect of Language. Second Edition. America: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Inc.

Carroll, David W. 2008. Psychology of Language: Fifth Edition. USA: Thomson Higher Education.

Dardjowodjojo, S. 2003. Psikolinguistik: Pengantar Pemahaman Bahasa Manusia. Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia.

Fromkin ,Victoria (1983) An Introduction to Language.Third Edition.New York. CBS College Publishing.

Fromkin, V., Rodman, Rodman, R., and Hyams, N. (2010). Introduction to Linguistics. Philippines: Cengage Learning Asia.

Field, John. 2004. Psycholinguistics: The Key Concepts. London: Routledge.

Gentner, D. & Namy, L.L. 2006. Analogical processes in langugae learning. Journal of Current

directions in psychological science, Vol. 15, No. 6, retrieved on July 2, 2020. Hutahuruk, Bertaria Sohnata, 2015. Children First Language Acquisition At Age 1-3 Years Old In Balata. Retrive: 5 July 2020, from IOSR Journal Of Humanities And Social Science

(IOSR-JHSS) Volume 20, Issue 8, Ver. V (Aug. 2015), PP 51-57

Rangkuti, R. and Muchtar, M. (Ed). 2014. Understanding General Linguistics Book II. Medan.

Slobin, D. Isaac (Ed.). 1985. The Crosslinguistic Study of Language Acquisition. USA, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.

Simanjuntak, M. 1987. Pengantar Psikolinguistik Moden. Kuala Lumpur Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka Kementerian Pelajaran Malaysia.

Schutz, Ricardo. 2014. Stephen Krashni's Theory of Second Language Acquisition. Retrive: 3 July 2020, from NetLibray:

Tarigan, Henry Guntur. 2008. Berbicara: sebagai Suatu Keterampilan Berbahasa. Bandung: Angkasa.

Varshney, Radhey L. (2003) An Introductory Textbook of Linguistics & Phonetic. India: Student Store.

Vygotsky, L.S. 1978. Mind and Society: The Development of Higher Mental Processes. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.