• Mark Dave Gatera Student
  • Fernando R. Gallarde Jr. Author
  • Lorenzo D. Buscato Author
  • Paul John M. Villaries Corresponding Author
Keywords: Keywords: New normal education, phenomenological approach, Special Education, Learners with Disability, English Language.


This research was conducted in the parameters of the Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (BARMM), Philippines. In order to determine the lived experiences of the special education teachers in the region, the study used a qualitative research design and a phenomenological approach. The participants of this study were five special education teachers, and the researcher used a semi-structured in-deep-interview in this study. On the other hand, findings revealed that the special education teachers experiences during distance learning were extremely challenging, five themes emerged on the challenges encountered in teaching special education learners; these were mixed disabilities in one classroom, lack of comprehension, poor parental educational attainment, tantrum challenging behavior, and inadequate funding and government support. There were four themes emerged on the coping strategies in addressing the challenges encountered in teaching English language to the special education learners. These were home visitation, K to 12 curriculum integration, educational mainstreaming, and individualized educational plan. The researchers came to the conclusion that teaching English to special education students is difficult, especially in this time of pandemic; it necessitates a significant amount of effort especially that the teacher is dealing with different disabilities in one classroom. 


Abrazado, J., Namoco, S., &Dalonos, S. (2021). A Transcendental Phenomenological Study On Special Education Teachers’ Use Of Distance Learning Modalities In Misamis Oriental, Philippines During Covid-19 Pandemic.https://www.researchgate.net/publication/353840438

Alawajee, O. (2021). Influence of COVID-19 on Students’ Sign Language Learning in a Teacher-Preparation Program in Saudi Arabia: Moving to E-Learning. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.30935/cedtech/10886

Allam, F. C., & Martin, M. M. (2021). Issues and challenges in special education: A qualitative analysis from teacher’s perspective. Southeast Asia Early Childhood Journal, 10(1), 37-49.https://doi.org/10.37134/saecj.vol10.1.4.202

Benner, A., Boyle, A.,& Sadler, S. (2016). Parental Involvement and Adolescents’ Educational Success: The Roles of Prior Achievement and Socioeconomic Status.Retrieved from https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Parental-Involvement-and-Adolescents

Brown, D.F. (2016). Curriculum integration. In S.B. Mertens, M.Caskey, & N. Flowers (Eds.), The Encyclopedia of Middle GradesEducation (2nd ed.) (pp. 122-125). Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing

Cabrera, A. F., Peralta, A. M., &Kurban, E. R. (2018). The invisible 1%: Acomparison of attaining stepping stones toward college between military and civilian children. 89(2), 208–235.https://doi.org/10.1080/00221546.2017.1368816

Cheadle, J. E., & Amato, P. R. (2011).A quantitative assessment of Lareau’squalitative conclusions about class, race, and parenting.Journal of Family Issues,32(5), 679–706. https://doi.org/10.1177/0192513X10386305

Collier, E. (2018). How to Deal with Challenging Behaviour in the Classroom.https://www.highspeedtraining.co.uk/hub/challenging-behavior in the classroomCoram International. (2018, November 22). Situation analysis of children in the Philippines, https://coraminternational.org/situation-analysis-of-children-in-the-philippines-summary-report/

Creswell, W. J., & Creswell, D. J (2018).Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approach. Sage publications.

Epperson, S. (2020). Special needs families face increased financial pressure in Covid-19 crisis.https://www.cnbc.com/2020/07/31/special-needs-families-face-increased-financial-pressure-in-covid-19-crisis.html.

Ferlazzo, L. (2016, March 5). Response: Ways to support ells with special needs (opinion). Education Week.https://www.edweek.org/teaching-learning/opinion-response-ways-to-support-ells-with-special-needs/2016/03.

Flannery, M. E. (2014). All in the family: How teacher home visits can lead to schooltransformation.http://neatoday.org/2014/10/28/all-in-the-family-how-teacher-home-visits-can-lead-to-school-transformation/

Glessner, M. M., & Johnson, S. A. (2020).The Experiences and Perceptions of Practicing Special Education Teachers During the COVID-19 Pandemic.The Interactive Journal of Global Leadership and Learning,1(2).https://red.mnstate.edu/ijgll/vol1/iss2/4

Huesmann, L. R., Dubow, E. F., & Boxer, P. (2009).Continuity of aggression from childhood to early adulthood as a predictor of life outcomes: Implications for the adolescent-limited and life-course-persistent models. Aggressive Behavior, 35(2), 136-149. doi:10.1002/ab.20300

Kalil, A., Ryan, R., & Corey, M. (2012). Diverging Destinies: Maternal Education and the Developmental Gradient in Time with Children.Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4894844/ Kilgore, E. (2014). Teacher Home Visits: The Importance of Sharing a Meal. https://www.edweek.org/. (pp. 165 212). İstanbul: MORPA CulturePublications Ltd.

Luaña, J. P. (2021). Why do Parents Answer their Children’s Modules? A Closer Look on Parental Practices and Challenges in Modular Distance Learning. International Journal of Global Community, 4(1 –March), 1 –16. https://journal.riksawan.com/index.php/IJGC-RI/article/view/83

Mahanta, P. (2019). 5 effective teaching strategies to help your students in school. Prodigy Education.https://www.prodigygame.com/main-en/blog/5-effective-teaching-strategies-to-help-your-students-in-school/.

Morin, A. (2020).Understanding an IEP for Your Child. https://www.verywellfamily.com/what-is-an-iep-3106858

Webster, R., & Blatchford, P. (2019). Making sense of „teaching‟, „support‟ and differentiation‟: The educational experiences of pupils with education, Health and care plans and statements in mainstream secondary schools. European Journal of Special Needs Education, 34(1), 98–113

Zaheer, M., and Munir, S. (2020).Research supervision in distance learning:issues and challenges, Asian Association of Open Universities Journal,15, 131-143. https://doi.org/10.1108/AAOUJ-01-2020-0003